palm oil refining machine palm kernel oil refinery equipment cpo refining machines

  • palm oil refinery_palm oil processing machine,edible oil

    Palm Oil Refinery_palm oil processing machine,edible oil

    Palm oil refinery makes the highest efficiency crude palm oil processing technology in order to make the finest extraction of palm oil. Get the best palm oil refining plant equipment design from palmoilmachine.

  • palm kernel oil refining process/crude oil refining machine

    Palm kernel oil refining process/crude oil refining machine

    Manufacturing Palm kernel oil refining process/crude oil refining machine,The purpose of palm kernel oil refining process is to remove all kinds of impurities, and make the least damage to the neutral oil and natural antioxidants (tocopherol), so as to produce high quality oil produces.

  • premium machines for crude palm oil refining process

    Premium Machines for Crude Palm Oil Refining Process

    Supply all kinds of palm oil refining machines and customized palm oil refining plant. Help you make the best solutions for palm oil refinery with competitive cost and premium equipment quality. Palm Oil Pressing & Refining Plant. Palm Oil Refining Machines for Sale

  • palm kernel oil refining - palm oil mill machine leading

    Palm Kernel Oil Refining - Palm Oil Mill Machine Leading

    Palm kernel oil contains soap grade and food grade.The process of Palm kernel oil refinery is to refine the crude edible oil, to remove gossypol, protein, phospholipid, grume, moisture and other impurities, in order to reach the purchase of food and storage.The process of palm kernel oil refinery includes mechanical refinery method, chemical

  • palm oil refining process | palm oil refinery plant

    Palm Oil Refining Process | Palm Oil Refinery Plant

    If you are planning to set up a palm oil refining plant or oil refinery equipments, you are in the right place! We take the opportunity to introduce Goyum Screw Press, an ISO 9001 Company, a leading oil mill engineering firm, specialist in vegetable oil extraction and refinery field.

  • palm fruit ( kernel) oil processing machine/palm oil

    Palm Fruit ( Kernel) Oil Processing Machine/Palm Oil

    Palm Fruit ( Kernel) Oil Processing Machine/Palm Oil Extraction Machine. Capacity 5-100T/H. Oilseed Palm Fruit/ Kernel. Application palm fruit (FFB) and palm bunches. Description Henan huatai palm oil processing main processes: weighing, unloading fruit, sterilizer, removing fruits, mashed, pressing, shell and kernel separation, water treatment, palm oil refinery and fractionation,filling.

  • how to refine palm kernel oil - leading manufacturer

    How to Refine Palm Kernel Oil - Leading Manufacturer

    ABC Machinery has strong resources in palm kernel oil refining. We can provide mini or small palm kernel oil refinery equipment for home or small edible oil refining plant use. At the same time, we are also an expert in supplying turnkey projects of large palm kernel oil refining. The refining capacity ranges from 1 TPD to 400 TPD.

  • 56 best palm oil processing machine images in 2017 | palm

    56 Best Palm oil processing machine images in 2017 | Palm

    Henan Doing Mechanical Equipment Co.,Ltd is specialized in palm fruit oil machine, palm oil press machine,palm oil expeller machine,palm oil refining machine,palm kernel oil machine, palm kernel oil expeller machine ,crude palm and palm kernel oil refinery. If you are interested in palm oil processing machine ,please feel free to contact us!!!.

  • how to produce refined vegetable oil from palm kernel oil

    How to produce refined vegetable oil from palm kernel oil

    Palm Kernel Oil is the main output of any Palm Kernel oil extraction process.In Nigeria, Palm Kernel Oil is the major raw material for the production of edible vegetable oil. ln order to render the oils to an edible form,it must undergo further proces

  • 46 best palm oil processing machine images in 2019 | palm

    46 Best Palm oil processing machine images in 2019 | Palm

    Jul 23, 2019- Palm oil processing machine is used to extract crude palm oil from palm fruit and get high oil yield palm oil. Palm oil processing machine, also called as palm oil extraction machine, are utilized in palm oil mill or palm oil pressing plant for effective palm oi production. The design and technology of palm oil mill plant are very important for its smooth operation and further

  • manufacture palm oil refining machine,low cost price

    Manufacture Palm oil refining machine,Low cost price

    Palm oil refining machine is a specially equipment used for refining crude palm oil. It can remove unwanted impurities and bad smell in the edible oil through degumming, deacidification, decolorization and deodorization process.

  • manufacture 2tpd palm kernel oil refining machine,low cost

    Manufacture 2tpd palm kernel oil refining machine,Low cost

    Manufacturing 2tpd palm kernel oil refining machine,Cooking oil refinery plant is used to process crude oil. The 2tpd palm kernel oil refining machine is used for removing the impurities of palm kernel oil, such as fatty acid, phosphatide, pigment.

  • palm oil processing machine offers 10,457 palm oil processing machine products. About 82% of these are oil pressers, 4% are other food processing machinery, and 1% are machine oil purifier. A wide variety of palm oil processing machine options are available to you, such as paid samples, free samples.

  • palm oil extraction machine ffb of palm oil

    Palm Oil Extraction Machine FFB of Palm Oil

    Click to view22:27

    Sinoder Group products include vegetable seeds oil mill, soya bean oil extraction machine, palm oil refining machine, sunflower oil making machine, cooking oil machine, edible oil refineries, corn

  • complete automatic palm oil mill machine - blogger

    COMPLETE AUTOMATIC PALM OIL MILL MACHINE - Blogger

    My company is lookin for a good set of Equipment to go into Oil-palm processing.Therefore any other information that shall be beneficial We request that you include them. I don't know if u fabricate refining machines for RBD Palm oil because we need that too. This complete automatic palm oil mill machine will deliver palm oil of

  • palm oil mill machines - palm oil mill machine,palm oil

    Palm Oil Mill Machines - Palm Oil Mill Machine,Palm Oil

    A Professional And Best Palm Oil Mill Machine Manufacturer In China, Provides Palm Oil Processing Equipment, Palm Oil Refining Machine And Edible Oil Pressing Machine.

  • crude palm oil processing, palm oil processing machine

    Crude Palm Oil Processing, Palm Oil Processing Machine

    Huatai provides high capacity crude palm oil processing machine production line including palm fruit and kernel pressing, oil refining, oil fractionantion with guaranteed warranty and reliable service.

  • palm kernel oil refining - palm oil factory

    PALM KERNEL OIL REFINING - Palm Oil Factory

    Palm kernel oil contains soap grade and food grade.The process of Palm kernel oil refinery is to refine the crude edible oil, to remove gossypol, protein, phospholipid, grume, moisture and other impurities, in order to reach the purchase of food and storage.The process of palm kernel oil refinery includes mechanical refinery method, chemical

  • palm oil refinery plant, palm oil refinery plant suppliers

    Palm Oil Refinery Plant, Palm Oil Refinery Plant Suppliers

    Alibaba offers 3,648 palm oil refinery plant products. About 87% of these are oil pressers, 5% are machine oil purifier, and 1% are filling machines. A wide variety of palm oil refinery plant options are available to you, such as free samples.

  • 3. palm oil processing

    3. PALM OIL PROCESSING

    3. PALM OIL PROCESSING 3. 1 General processing description. Research and development work in many disciplines - biochemistry, chemical and mechanical engineering - and the establishment of plantations, which provided the opportunity for large-scale fully mechanised processing, resulted in the evolution of a sequence of processing steps designed to extract, from a harvested oil palm bunch, a

  • palm kernel oil refining processing machinery - find

    Palm Kernel oil Refining Processing Machinery - Find

    Palm kernel oil refining processing line adopts advanced and scientific physical refining and totally stainless steel tank refining. Palm kernel oil is non-drying oil with low gum content, which is suitable for physical refinery.Fatty acid composes of 45%-51% lauric acid and 13%-25% cardamom acid.

  • manufacturering sale palm oil refinery plant,refining

    Manufacturering sale palm oil refinery plant,refining

    There are many steps needed before we get that golden palm oil you see at the supermarket. One of the main steps in this palm oil production process is palm oil refining. At Henan Doing Company we can supply whole palm oil refinery plant with different capacities, eg. 1TPD, 2TPD, 5TPD, 10TPD, 20TPD, 50TPD, 100TPD, 600TPD, 100TPD, etc.

  • palm oil machine, oil press, oil refinery, oil extraction

    Palm Oil Machine, Oil Press, Oil Refinery, Oil Extraction

    Henan Huatai Cereals And Oils Machinery Co.,Ltd.was founded in 1950,whcih is a large-scale oil machinery manufacturing enterprise integrating R D, design, manufacture and installation as one of the major grain and oil machinery manufacturing enterprises in China.Our company headquartered located in Huaxiang County Industries,Henan Province,China,covering 100,000.00 square meters.

  • palm kernel oil refining machine - oil refining machine

    Palm Kernel oil Refining Machine - Oil Refining Machine

    Application: High efficiency oil refining method applicable for crude palm kernel oil, coconut oil. Palm kernel oil refining processing line adopts advanced and scientific physical refining and totally stainless steel tank refining. Palm kernel oil is non-drying oil with low gum content, which is suitable for physical refinery.

  • palm kernel oil refining processing machinery - find

    Palm Kernel oil Refining Processing Machinery - Find

    Palm kernel oil refining processing line adopts advanced and scientific physical refining and totally stainless steel tank refining. Palm kernel oil is non-drying oil with low gum content, which is suitable for physical refinery.Fatty acid composes of 45%-51% lauric acid and 13%-25% cardamom acid.

  • palm kernel oil refining, palm oil refining

    Palm kernel oil refining, palm oil refining

    Palm kernel oil refinery process Palm kernel oil refinery process enjoys the same technology with other common oil refinery because the ingredinents of palm kernel oil has little difference with other oil. Our engineer can help you design palm kernel oil refinery

  • continuous palm oil refining and fractionation machine 3d

    Continuous palm oil refining and fractionation machine 3D

    This is continuous palm oil refining and fractionation machine 3D animation (part 2). In palm oil refining video, you can learn about the palm oil degumming process, deacidification process, decolorization process and deodorization process.

  • doing provide high technology crude palm oil refinery

    DOING provide high technology crude palm oil refinery

    Crude palm oil refinery plant is used to refine palm oil to edible oil.DOING Group offer mini, small scale palm oil refinery palnt,offer turn-key solutions for crude palm oil refinery plant,adopts physical and chemical refining methods to refine palm

  • palm oil processing machines in nigeria - the palm permutation

    Palm Oil Processing Machines In Nigeria - The Palm Permutation

    When asked about Palm Oil Processing Machines in Nigeria, I can’t help but feel nostalgic as memories of those old manual palm oil press comes to mind. The vision of two people turning the corkscrew with sheer brute force alone, while palm oil slowly sips into a basin. That was the late 1990’s and Early…

  • 50-600tpd crude palm oil refining

    50-600TPD Crude Palm Oil Refining

    02 | How to Wash Crude Palm Oil in the Refining Process there is still about 500ppm soap in the neutralized oil from the separator. To remove the remaining soap, add into the oil about 5~8% hot water, with water temperature 3~5 ℃ higher than the oil generally.

  • crude palm kernel oil refinery process_palm oil refining

    Crude palm kernel oil refinery process_Palm oil refining

    The purpose of palm kernel oil refining is to remove impurities in crude edible oil.During palm kernel oil refinery process, we adopts water hydration degumming, alkali neutralization or steam distillation deacid, adsorption decolorization.

  • set up a palm kernel oil refinery plant with low cost

    Set up a Palm kernel oil refinery plant with low cost

    If the palm kernel oil is fresh, it has lesser FFA that makes the losses lower in palm kernel oil refining process. For example, 1 ton of crude palm kernel oil is given as an input to the palm kernel refinery plant, the final refined obtainable output of RBD palm kernel oil from the palm kernel oil refinery

  • complete automatic palm oil mill machine - blogger

    COMPLETE AUTOMATIC PALM OIL MILL MACHINE - Blogger

    My company is lookin for a good set of Equipment to go into Oil-palm processing.Therefore any other information that shall be beneficial We request that you include them. I don't know if u fabricate refining machines for RBD Palm oil because we need that too. This complete automatic palm oil mill machine will deliver palm oil of

  • 3. palm oil processing

    3. PALM OIL PROCESSING

    3. PALM OIL PROCESSING 3. 1 General processing description. Research and development work in many disciplines - biochemistry, chemical and mechanical engineering - and the establishment of plantations, which provided the opportunity for large-scale fully mechanised processing, resulted in the evolution of a sequence of processing steps designed to extract, from a harvested oil palm bunch, a

  • crude palm oil processing, palm oil processing machine

    Crude Palm Oil Processing, Palm Oil Processing Machine

    Huatai provides high capacity crude palm oil processing machine production line including palm fruit and kernel pressing, oil refining, oil fractionantion with guaranteed warranty and reliable service.

  • palm oil processing machine price in nigeria 2019

    Palm Oil Processing Machine Price in Nigeria 2019

    Palm kernel shell oil press, red palm oil processing machine can be found at $4,746 to $75,548 approximately N1,648,830 to N26,819,540. Factory oil palm processing machines are at the prices of $1000 to $1,000,000. These machines are used mostly for large scale production of palm oil in oil

  • palm oil refining processing machinery - find edible oil

    Palm Oil Refining Processing Machinery - Find Edible Oil

    Palm oil refining technology refers to conversion of crude palm oil to refined oil involves removal of products of hydrolysis and oxidation, color and flavor. Adopts scientific designed palm oil refining machine process line including degumming, deacidification, decolorization, blenching, deodorization to obtain high quality refined palm oil.

  • palm oil mill machines - palm oil mill machine,palm oil

    Palm Oil Mill Machines - Palm Oil Mill Machine,Palm Oil

    A Professional And Best Palm Oil Mill Machine Manufacturer In China, Provides Palm Oil Processing Equipment, Palm Oil Refining Machine And Edible Oil Pressing Machine.

  • palm kernel oil refining, palm oil refining

    Palm kernel oil refining, palm oil refining

    Palm kernel oil refinery process Palm kernel oil refinery process enjoys the same technology with other common oil refinery because the ingredinents of palm kernel oil has little difference with other oil. Our engineer can help you design palm kernel oil refinery

  • palm oil factory - palm oil processing machine,palm oil

    Palm Oil Factory - Palm Oil Processing Machine,Palm Oil

    We mainly produced palm oil pressing machine,rice bran oil making machine, vegetable oil pretreatment, prepress,extraction,refining,fraction machinery,corn(maize) deep-processing machinry,series of micrcbe oil refining machine,biodiesel equipment, owing wide international market in more than 130 countries and regions.

  • products / palm kernel oil production line_zhengzhou yahua

    PRODUCTS / Palm kernel oil production line_Zhengzhou Yahua

    5 500T/D Palm Oil Refinery and fractionation Production line. Palm kernel oil leach machineThe palm oil is refined by degumming, deacidifying, dehydrating, decolorizing and deodorizing palm oil (CPO) to obtain palm oil (RBDPO). 6 Environmental benefits. Reduce noise, dust and emissions. 7 Safety of Machinery. Stairways, Ladder & Platforms . 8 VIP

  • palm oil refining equipment and palm kernel oil processing

    Palm oil refining equipment and palm kernel oil processing

    Congratulations! Nigeria customer's palm oil refining equipment and 60TPD palm kernel oil processing machine have completed production. Henan Doing Mechanical Equipment Co.,Ltd is a leading manufacturer specialized in cooking oil making machine,cooking oil press extraction refining machine,palm oil press line, palm oil refining line ,palm kernel oil press line and palm kernel oil refinery

  • quality crude palm kernel oil press production line

    Quality crude palm kernel oil press production line

    Quality crude palm kernel oil press production line & Essential oil distillation machinery for sale from Integrity Machinery Co.,Ltd., we provide crude palm kernel oil press production line & Essential oil distillation machinery for a long time at lowest price from China.

  • crude oil refinery plant/equipment, oil refining machine

    Crude Oil Refinery Plant/Equipment, Oil Refining Machine

    The specific information of continuous waste oil refining plant has three models: BZL-25, and ITS daily capacitY are 25t/d. The continuous crude oil refinery machine can be operated under the condition of normal pressure. The design of continuous oil refinery plants is based on the batch machines, so the major operating flows are same.

  • 56 best palm oil processing machine images in 2017 | palm

    56 Best Palm oil processing machine images in 2017 | Palm

    Henan Doing Mechanical Equipment Co.,Ltd is specialized in palm fruit oil machine, palm oil press machine,palm oil expeller machine,palm oil refining machine,palm kernel oil machine, palm kernel oil expeller machine ,crude palm and palm kernel oil refinery. If you are interested in palm oil processing machine ,please feel free to contact us!!!.

  • china palm oil refining machine - china palm kernel oil

    China Palm Oil Refining Machine - China Palm Kernel Oil

    Palm Kernel Oil Refining, Palm Refining, Palm Oil Refining manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Palm Oil Refining Machine, Cbd Extraction Centrifuge Hemp Oil, Hhp Subzero Cbd Centrifuge/Ethanol Extraction Explosion Proof Centrifuge with Jacket and so on.

  • starting a palm oil processing company ? sample business

    Starting a Palm Oil Processing Company ? Sample Business

    But nowadays, machines are used to process palm oil. This modern method is more hygienic, and it helps to extract all the palm oil on kernel fruits without leaving any quantity to waste. You should also know that most machines for processing palm oil can

  • palm oil processing | oil refinery plant

    Palm Oil Processing | Oil Refinery Plant

    Palm oil processing is not as easy as oil extraction from other oil bearing materials. The entire process starts with sorting of the fruits as soon as they arrive in the palm oil processing plant. Once the low quality fruits have been sorted from the good fruits, the bad ones are disposed while the good ones move to the next stage.

  • dry fractionation system, fractionation process, oil palm

    Dry Fractionation System, Fractionation Process, Oil Palm

    At Tinytech we can offer complete Dry Fractionation Systems for Palm Oil Refining as well as Palm Kernel Oil Refining. The amount of fractionation power required to be consumed on PKO is less than CPO owing to lesser triglycerides in the oil.

  • palm oil processing machines in nigeria - the palm permutation

    Palm Oil Processing Machines In Nigeria - The Palm Permutation

    When asked about Palm Oil Processing Machines in Nigeria, I can’t help but feel nostalgic as memories of those old manual palm oil press comes to mind. The vision of two people turning the corkscrew with sheer brute force alone, while palm oil slowly sips into a basin. That was the late 1990’s and Early…

  • set up a palm kernel oil refinery plant with low cost

    Set up a Palm kernel oil refinery plant with low cost

    If the palm kernel oil is fresh, it has lesser FFA that makes the losses lower in palm kernel oil refining process. For example, 1 ton of crude palm kernel oil is given as an input to the palm kernel refinery plant, the final refined obtainable output of RBD palm kernel oil from the palm kernel oil refinery

  • china crude palm oil refining machine for sale - china

    China Crude Palm Oil Refining Machine for Sale - China

    Screw Oil Press, Oil Extractor, Oil Expeller manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Crude Palm Oil Refining Machine for Sale, High Quality Peanut/Coconut/Soyabean Oil Making Machine, China Best Selling Huatai Brand Peanut Oil Extraction Machine and so on.

  • 56 best palm oil processing machine images in 2017 | palm

    56 Best Palm oil processing machine images in 2017 | Palm

    Henan Doing Mechanical Equipment Co.,Ltd is specialized in palm fruit oil machine, palm oil press machine,palm oil expeller machine,palm oil refining machine,palm kernel oil machine, palm kernel oil expeller machine ,crude palm and palm kernel oil refinery. If you are interested in palm oil processing machine ,please feel free to contact us!!!.

  • palm oil processing machines in nigeria - the palm permutation

    Palm Oil Processing Machines In Nigeria - The Palm Permutation

    When asked about Palm Oil Processing Machines in Nigeria, I can’t help but feel nostalgic as memories of those old manual palm oil press comes to mind. The vision of two people turning the corkscrew with sheer brute force alone, while palm oil slowly sips into a basin. That was the late 1990’s and Early…

  • palm kernel oil production line, plam kernel oil

    Palm Kernel Oil Production Line, Plam Kernel Oil

    For example, either single machine or production line are both for sale. Our palm kernel oil production line’s capacity is 10-100 tons per day and its residual oil rate is 5%, and we provide you with palm kernel oil production and refining process design, manufacture, installation, commissioning and after-sales service if it is needed.

  • palm kernel oil processing machine running video

    Palm kernel oil processing machine running video

    Palm kernel oil processing machines are oil extracted from palm kernel or seeds by crushing them. This video is about palm kernel (PK) oil processing machine running process.Unlike many other methods of oil extraction, palm kernel oil processing machine extracted palm kernel oil a special palm kernel oil processing machine which is produced by Doing Company.

  • china palm kernel oil expeller refining mill machine

    China Palm Kernel Oil Expeller Refining Mill Machine

    Palm Kernel Expeller, Palm Kernel Oil Expeller, Palm Kernel Oil Mill Machine manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Palm Kernel Oil Expeller Refining Mill Machine, Hot Sale Maize Wheat Flour Milling Machine for Home, Maize Flour Mill Grinder Peeling and Crushing Good Price and so on.

  • palm kernel oil mill/palm kernel oil refining machine palm oil

    palm kernel oil mill/palm kernel oil refining machine palm oil

    Palm kernel oil refining process/crude oil refining machine. Manufacturing Palm kernel oil refining process/crude oil refining machine,The purpose of palm kernel oil refining process is to remove all kinds of impurities, and make the least damage to the neutral oil and natural antioxidants (tocopherol), so as to produce high quality oil produces.

  • small edible oil refinery plant

    Small Edible Oil Refinery Plant

    Edible Oil Refining Video: How the small scale oil refinery works? The following video is about a small scale edible oil plant set up in India, which includes both oil pressing machine and oil refining machine. This factory is built for processing mustard seeds. View the video below to see how the small edible oil refining unit works.

  • oil deodorization for palm oil refining process

    Oil Deodorization for Palm Oil Refining Process

    Oil deodorization is the final stage in an edible oil refinery. It creates a more bland oil by removing odiferous material and other minor undesired particles, in turn increasing its shelf life. It is commonly used in the process of refining palm oil. Detailed Oil Deodorization Process

  • palm oil processing | oil refinery plant

    Palm Oil Processing | Oil Refinery Plant

    Palm oil processing is not as easy as oil extraction from other oil bearing materials. The entire process starts with sorting of the fruits as soon as they arrive in the palm oil processing plant. Once the low quality fruits have been sorted from the good fruits, the bad ones are disposed while the good ones move to the next stage.

  • palm oil mill plant palm kernel oil extraction machine

    Palm Oil Mill Plant Palm Kernel Oil Extraction Machine

    Oil Refinery Machinery, Palm Oil Mill Plant, Palm Kernel Oil Extraction Machine manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Palm Oil Mill Plant Palm Kernel Oil Extraction Machine, Stainless Steel Sensor Single Point Platform Scale 200kg (w1611), W1605 Single Point Load Cell Precise Weighing of Small Masses up to 20kg and so on.

  • oil refining machine - china win tone machinery

    Oil Refining Machine - China Win Tone Machinery

    Oil Pressing Machine YZLXQ10(95) with Filter Combined Palm Kernel Oil Press YZLXQ140 with Filter Combined Cottonseed Oil Press YZYX120WZ with Filter Combined Peanut Oil Press YZLXQ130 with Filter Combined Soybean Oil Press YZYX120J Sunflower Oil Press Machine YZYX168 Spiral Oil Pressing Machine YZYX140CJGX Spiral Oil Press YZYX120SLWZ with Water Cooling System Combined Oil

  • 5-30tpd palm oil refining machine installing process

    5-30tpd palm oil refining machine installing process

    If you wanna to get more details about 5-30tpd palm oil refining machine installing process in Indonesia, you can send E-mail to market@doingoilmachine.Or you can consult our professional engineers and specialized sales team by leaving a message in below form.

  • crude palm kernel oil refinery plant_palm kernel oil

    Crude palm kernel oil refinery plant_Palm Kernel Oil

    Crude palm kernel oil refinery plant Date:2015-12-07 16:22:43 / Palm Kernel Oil Processing Machine / Give me the price / Leave a message Palm kernel oil production process flow chart. Crude palm kernel oil is extracted by palm kernel oil press machine or solvent extraction plant, then sent to palm kernel oil refinery plant to remove impurities step by step.

  • palm oil deodorizer refining machine/refining equipment

    Palm Oil Deodorizer Refining Machine/Refining Equipment

    Palm Oil Refinery Machines, Peanut Oil Refinery Machine, Sunflower Oil Pure Refinery Machine manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Palm Oil Deodorizer Refining Machine/Refining Equipment, Mini Blowing Film Machine/Small Plastic Extrusion Machine/Mini Blow Film Machine, Mini PE Film Extrude Blowing Machine Manufacturer and so on.